14. December 2016

Federal State Index Mobility and Environment: ambition wins

Thuringia, Berlin and Rhineland Palatinate lead the state ranking on transport and policies

Berlin, December 14 2016. The German federal states of Thuringia (first place), Berlin and the Rhineland Palatinate (joint second) are pioneers when it comes to sustainable mobility. This is the conclusion of a scientific comparison of Germany’s federal states, which was carried out by the quality research institute Quotas on behalf of the German Pro-Rail Alliance, BUND and the German Transport Safety Council DVR. The transport policy ranking of the Federal State Index on Mobility and Environment contains statistical data on mobility and takes into account the major transport policies of all 16 states. The states of Brandenburg, Bavaria and Hamburg occupy the last three places on the list.

Transport safety – Noise reduction – Area of land use – Climate protection – Air quality

Bundesländerindex Mobilität und Umwelt 2015 /2016: Thüringen schneidet am besten ab, Hamburg auf dem letzten Platz

1 Thuringia, 2 Berlin, 3 Rhineland Palatinate, 4 Baden-Württemberg, 5 North Rhine Westphalia, 6 Bremen, 7 Meckelburg Vorpommern, 8 Hesse, 9 Saxony, 10 Saxony Anhalt, 11 Lower Saxony, 12 Saarland, 13 Schleswig Holstein, 14 Brandenburg, 15 Bavaria, 16 Hamburg

A maximum of 20 points are available for each category. The chart shows the actual points achieved for each category.

Transport’s five categories: safety, noise, land use, climate and air quality

“A state’s overall positon in the ranking is calculated by totalling up the results achieved in each of the transport sector’s five main categories,” explained Thomas Krautscheid, who is responsible for transport at Quotas. “Transport safety, noise reduction, area of land use, climate protection and air quality are the core indicators that we examine and evaluate.” Quotas used statistical data from official sources, and directly asked each state’s transport minister about its transport the policy targets. “Thirteen federal states gave us information on their transport policy targets by means of our detailed questionnaire,” said Krautscheid. “Using the statistics, the answers provided and our own research we were ultimately able to determine what the biggest transport policy challenges are in each state and to see whether any policy had been defined to address these problems. Of course, we also look at whether the data shows any development within the target corridor over a period of several years.” Out of all these factors we can then determine the exact number of points and the overall ranking of each federal state, said Krautscheid during the presentation of the Federal State Index at the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Construction and Reactor Safety (BMUB) on Wednesday in Berlin.

Transport targets: not achievable without the federal states

During the presentation of the Federal State Index, the managing director of the German Pro-Rail Alliance, Dirk Flege, emphasised the fact that the federal government has already set out concrete quantitative targets for most of the categories in the mobility index. “The federal government is very ambitious on transport safety, climate protection, land use, and most recently also on the transport sector’s CO2 emissions, which according to its climate protection plan, will be cut by 40 percent by 2030. However, Germany can only meet its targets with the help of the federal states and they are unfortunately still very hesitant.” The Federal State Index shows very clearly that when it comes to noise protection or air quality, most states only consider the targets that are legally binding at a more local level as a point of reference, criticised Flege, who referred to the states that top the mobility index ranking. “Thuringia, Berlin and Rhineland Palatinate show that transport policy is an overall restructuring task and not simply a question of managing the status quo.”

DVR makes a mixed assessment of accident casualty numbers

The German Transport Safety Council DVR’s assessment of the states’ efforts to reduce the number of people killed or injured on the roads was mixed. “The overall number of fatalities in Germany is only slightly lower than 2010,” said the chief executive of the DVR, Christian Kellner. “If we want to achieve a reduction of 40% in the total number of road accident fatalities in Germany by 2020 then we can in no way be satisfied with the figures from the federal states. Especially because the number of severely injured people is now rising.” However, Kellner praised the fact that many federal states had set their own targets and defined a ‘zero vision’ for their regional work on transport safety, adding that the safety policies in North Rhine Westphalia were exemplary.

Federal State Index: BUND sees no turnaround in transport

For Hubert Weiger, the chairman of BUND (Friends of the Earth Germany), the state ranking shows up big differences in transport policies and the targets that are defined by them. It can be clearly seen that overall too little is being done to meet the targets on the climate and the environment. An actual ‘transport turnaround’ could not be discerned in any federal state. “Bremen, Hesse, Rhineland Palatinate and Thuringia have all only marginally cut CO2 emissions from the transport sector, which increased in all other states. Only Baden Württemberg, Berlin, Brandenburg, North Rhine Westphalia and Saxony Anhalt have any real targets for cutting the transport sector’s CO2 emission in their states. Concrete targets for cutting noise levels exist only in Berlin and Baden Württemberg, whereas North Rhine Westphalia and Bavaria do not have any targets. Most federal states are currently not complying with the EU’s statutory requirements on reducing pollution and noise levels,” said Weiger. There was some success in cutting levels of fine particles but not nitrogen dioxide. The BUND chairman did highlight the fact that now nine federal states had concrete targets on reducing the area of land usage. However, a significant reduction in the share used by transport had only been achieved in Berlin and Bremen.

Additional information (German)

Download: Overview of the Federal State Index Mobility and Environment 2016/2017

Methodology: how the Federal State Index works